4/19 受難週第六天


The Sixth Day of Passion Week


Introduction:

Friday was the day of Jesus’ crucifixion. The four Gospels have all recorded a great deal on that day. Jesus was overwhelmed with sorrow in Gethsemane, and His sweat was as if it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. Shortly after He was betrayed by Judas, many of the disciples forsook him and fled. Peter disavowed him three times. The soldiers mocked Him and spat on him. Wearing the crown of thorns, covered with cuts and bruises, and after a night of interrogation, Jesus carried the heavy cross and walked towards Calvary, where He was crucified.


Key Events:


1.       Gethsemane


Events/Facts
Location
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
1. Jesus and his disciples headed to Mount of Olives
Jerusalem
26:30
14:26
22:39
18:1‐2
2. Jesus predicted Peter's denial
On the way to Mount Olives
26:31‐35
14:27‐31


3. Jesus Prayed in Gethsemane
Gethsemane
26:36‐46
14:32‐42
22:40‐46

4. Jesus was arrested
Gethsemane
26:47‐56
14:43‐52
22:47‐53
18:3‐12


2.       Interrogation


Events/Facts
Location
(Jerusalem)
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
1. Anna saw Jesus
High Priest’s Palace



18:13‐14
2. Peter's First Denial
High Priestess Palace
26:58,
69‐70
14:54,66‐68
22:54b‐57
18:15‐18
3. The High Priest Questioned Jesus
High Priest’s Palace



18:19‐23
4. Caiaphas Interrogated Jesus
High Priest’s Palace
26:57,
59‐68
14:53,55‐65
22:54a,
63‐65
18:24
5. Peter’s Second and Third Denials
High Priest’s Palace
26:71‐75
14:69‐72
22:58‐62
18:25‐27
6. Jesus was Convicted
Sanhedrin Hearing


22:66‐71



3.       After Sanhedrin Trial

Events/Facts
Location
(Jerusalem)
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
1. Jesus Before Pilate
Pilate’s Praetorium
27:1‐2,
11‐14
15:1‐5
23:1‐7
18:28‐38
2. Judas' Suicide

27:3‐10



3 Jesus at Herod's court
Herod’s Court


23:8‐12

4 The Crowd Rejected Jesus
Pilate’s Praetorium
27:15‐16a
15:6‐15a
23:13‐21
18:39‐40
5 Soldiers Mocked Jesus
Pilate’s Praetorium
27:27‐31
15:16‐20

19:1‐3
6 The Crowd Again Rejected Jesus
Pilate’s Praetorium


23:22‐23
19:4‐12
7 Jesus was Condemned Before Pilate
Gabbatha, Pilate’s Praetorium (Stone Pavement)


23:24
19:13‐15








4.       The Walk to Calvary

Events/Facts
Time
Location
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
1. Jesus was handed over to be crucified
Friday 8am
Pilate’s Praetorium
27:26b
15:15b
23:25
19:16
2. Simon of Cyrene Carried the Cross of Jesus
9am
On the way to Calvary
27:32
15:21
23:26
19:17
3. Jesus Dissuaded Mourning Women
9am
On the way to Calvary


23:27‐31

4. Two Criminals were with Jesus
9am
Calvary


23:32


5.       Crucifixion

Events/Facts
Time
Location
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
1. Jesus was Crucified
9am
 Calvary
27:33‐35a
15:22‐24a,
25
 23:33a
19:18
2. Jesus’ Prayer
9am
 Calvary


 23:34a

3. Jesus was Ridiculed
Morning
 Calvary
27:37‐44
15:26‐32
 23:33b,
 35‐38
19:19‐22
4. Soldiers Divided His Clothes
Morning
 Calvary
27:35b‐36
15:24b
 23:34b
19:23‐24
5. Criminal was Saved
Morning
 Calvary


 23:39‐43

6. Jesus Comforted His Mother
Morning
 Calvary



19:25‐27
7. Jesus Breathed His Last
Noon-3pm
 Calvary
27:45‐50
15:33‐37
 23:44‐46
19:28‐30
a. Pain from being abandoned by His Father
b. Jesus said “I am thirsty” and “It is finished”
c. Jesus gave up His spirit

 Calvary
27:45‐49
27:50
15:33‐36
15:37
 23:44‐45a
 23:46
19:28‐30a
19:30b
8. The Holy of Holies curtain in the temple was torn apart
3pm
 Calvary
27:51‐56
15:38‐41
 23:45b,
 47‐49

9. Jesus’ side was pierced
3pm
 Calvary



19:31‐37
10. Jesus was Buried
After 6pm
Outside Jerusalem
27:57-61
15:42-47
23:50-56a
19:38-42


Key Verses:

Matthew 26


36 Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to the disciples, “Sit here while I go and pray over there.” 37 And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and He began to be sorrowful and deeply distressed. 38 Then He said to them, “My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here and watch with Me.” 39 He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will.” 40 Then He came to the disciples and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “What! Could you not watch with Me one hour? 41 Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” 42 Again, a second time, He went away and prayed, saying, “O My Father, if this cup cannot pass away from Me unless I drink it, Your will be done.” 43 And He came and found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy. 44 So He left them, went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words. 45 Then He came to His disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners. 46 Rise, let us be going. See, My betrayer is at hand.”
Meditation:





   4/19 受難週第六天

簡介:

    今天是耶穌受難的日子,四福音書中均大量記載了那一日的情形。祂在客西馬尼,心裏極其憂傷,汗如血點滴在地上;不久祂被門徒猶大出賣,其餘的門徒都逃跑四散,最愛的門徒彼得也三次不認祂;忍受著兵丁的譏笑、辱罵、唾棄;頭戴荊棘的冠冕,遍體鱗傷、經過一夜審問後,耶穌又背起了沉重的十字架,一步一步走向各各他,最后雙手雙腳被釘,挂在木頭上了。
主要事件:

1.     在客西馬尼園

事件/史實
地點
馬太
馬可
路加
約翰
1耶穌與門徒往橄欖山去
耶路撒冷
26:30
14:26
 22:39
 18:1‐2
2耶穌再預言彼得不
赴橄欖山路上
26:31‐35
14:27‐31


3耶穌在客西馬尼園禱告
客西馬尼園
26:36‐46
14:32‐42
 22:40‐46

4耶穌被捉拿
客西馬尼園
26:47‐56
14:43‐52
 22:47‐53
 18:3‐12


2. 被官長審問

事件/史實
地點
(耶路撒冷)
馬太
馬可
路加
約翰
 1耶穌被解見
大祭司宅



 18:13‐14
 2彼得首次否認主
大祭司宅
 26:58
 69‐70
 14:54
 66‐68
 22:54b‐57
 18:15‐18
 3 耶穌初次受審問
大祭司宅



 18:19‐23
 4 耶穌被該亞法審問
大祭司宅
 26:57
 59‐68
 14:53
 55‐65
 22:54a
 63‐65
 18:24
 5 彼得繼續否認主
大祭司宅
 26:71‐75
 14:69‐72
 22:58‐62
 18:25‐27
 6 耶穌被公會定罪
公會


 22:66‐71



3. 被解見巡撫

事件/史實
地點
(耶路撒冷)
馬太
馬可
路加
約翰
1耶穌被交給彼拉多 審問
衙門
27:1‐2
11‐14
15:1‐5
 23:1‐7
  18:28‐38
2猶大自盡

27:3‐10



3耶穌被希律審問
希律王宮


 23:8‐12

4耶穌被眾人棄絕
衙門
27:15‐16a
15:6‐15a
 23:13‐21
  18:39‐40
5耶穌被兵丁凌辱
衙門
27:27‐31
15:16‐20

  19:1‐3
6耶穌再被眾人棄絕
衙門


 23:22‐23
  19:4‐12
7耶穌被彼拉多定案
鋪華石處


 23:24
  19:13‐15


4. 被解赴各各他途中

事件/史實
時間
地點
馬太
馬可
 路加
約翰
1耶穌被交給人釘死
晨八時
衙門
27:26b
15:15b
23:25
19:16
2古利奈人西門代背十
上午九時
赴各各他途中
27:32
15:21
23:26
19:17
3耶穌勸戒眾婦人
上午九時
赴各各他途中


23:27‐31

4兩犯人與耶穌一同帶來
上午九時
各各他


23:32



5. 被釘在十字架上

事件/史實
時間
地點
馬太
馬可
路加
約翰
1耶穌被釘十字架
上午九時
各各他
27:33‐35a
15:22‐
24a,25
23:33a
19:18
2耶穌為人代禱
上午九時
各各他


23:34a

3耶穌被眾人譏誚
上午
各各他
27:37‐44
15:26‐32
23:33b,
35‐38
19:19‐22
4兵丁分衣
上午
各各他
27:35b‐36
15:24b
23:34b
19:23‐24
5強盜得救
上午
各各他


23:39‐43

6耶穌安慰母親
上午
各各他



19:25‐27
7耶穌斷氣前光景
a受父 神離棄之苦
b主說『渴了』與『成了』
c主將魂交與父
上午十二時至下午三時

各各他


27:45‐50

27:45‐49

27:50

15:33‐37

15:33‐36

15:37

23:44‐46

23:44‐45a

23:46

19:28‐30

19:28‐30a

19:30b
8殿幔與墳墓裂開等奇事
下午三時
各各他

27:51‐56

15:38‐41
2
23:45b

47‐49

9耶穌肋旁被
下午三時
至六時
各各他



19:31‐37
10耶穌被安葬
下午六時
耶城外

27:57-61

15:42-47

23:50-56a

19:38-42

鑰節: 馬太福音26:36-46

36 耶穌同門徒來到一個地方,名叫客西馬尼,就對他們說:「你們坐在這裡,等我到那邊去禱告。」 37 於是帶著彼得和西庇太的兩個兒子同去,就憂愁起來,極其難過, 38 便對他們說:「我心裡甚是憂傷,幾乎要死。你們在這裡等候,和我一同警醒。」 39 祂就稍往前走,俯伏在地,禱告說:「我父啊!倘若可行,求你叫這杯離開我!然而,不要照我的意思,只要照你的意思。」40 來到門徒那裡,見他們睡著了,就對彼得說:「怎麼樣,你們不能同我警醒片時嗎? 41 總要警醒禱告,免得入了迷惑。你們心靈固然願意,肉體卻軟弱了。」 42 第二次又去禱告說:「我父啊!這杯若不能離開我,必要我喝,就願你的意旨成全!」 43 又來,見他們睡著了,因為他們的眼睛困倦。 44 耶穌又離開他們去了。第三次禱告,說的話還是與先前一樣。 45 於是來到門徒那裡,對他們說:「現在你們仍然睡覺安歇吧!時候到了,人子被賣在罪人手裡了。 46 起來,我們走吧!看哪,賣我的人近了!」

默想:

    這是人類歷史上最黑暗的一天。耶穌在十字架上為我們所承受的痛苦,遠超過我們的想像:這位尊貴的 神子,卻在肉身中為我們受了十字架的酷刑;聖潔的羔羊,卻背負了全人類歷世歷代所有人的罪污;父懷裡的獨生子,卻因著你我的罪,被天父所棄絕。所以聖經記載主耶穌極其難過,幾乎要死,以至於禱告說:我父啊,倘若可行,求你叫這杯離開我。(太26:39a)讓我們停在這一刻,花一點時間,嘗試進入祂的感受。

    然而,不要照我的意思,只要照你的意思。(太26:39b 我們的主卻定意為拯救我們而死。祂並非不能脫離十字架的苦楚,乃是將自己的生命傾倒、捨棄,為要代替我們的罪,擔當我們的刑罰。這位救主用祂捨命的大愛改變了整個人類的歷史。

    讓我們用最深的感恩之心來向祂讚美,因著苦杯祂飲,愛宴我嘗;咒詛祂受,祝福我享。如此的愛,我們永誌不忘。


詩歌:H69  我每靜念那十字架


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